It was Galileo Galilei’s research on pendulum motion that spurred the dawn of the industrial age in modern Europe. Accurate time-keeping was a crucial need that lay at the heart of this transition and growth. It allowed Europe’s maritime network to supply raw materials and ship finished products to overseas markets.
It gave its industrialists the fodder required for setting up a consistent, predictable and scheduled workforce to run factories. Once steam-powered locomotives entered the foray, it set the impetus for the final transition of time from a flexible and natural rhythm of events to an abstract and regulated grid called routine.
To create this grid, clock towers became an everyday landmark in Europe and her colonised countries. These clock towers kept people abreast of scheduled time. When India was finally colonised and absorbed into the British crown, the English administration set out to build similar towers all over India to alter the local perception of time.